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Leiomyomata are frequent in women in reproductive age. They are usually associated with uterine bleeding and anemia. Leyomyomata are associated with increased production of erythropoietin. We present a case of a 45 years-old woman who presented at the emergency unit with pelvic pain. She had a large uterine mass and erythropoietin-mediated erythrocytosis, which resolved after surgical removal. The surgical pathology report confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyomata. Myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome is a curable cause of erythrocytosis that has been reported to be infrequent.
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