Perspective Articles

Lipoprotein (a): A Forgotten Cardiovascular Risk Factor

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Francisco Araújo
Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control, Lipoprotein(a), Risk Factors

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Perspective Articles


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Reyes-Soffer G, Ginsberg HN, Berglund L, Duell PB, Heffron SP, Kamstrup PR, et al. Lipoprotein(a): A Genetically Determined, Causal, and Prevalent Risk Factor for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2022;42:e48-e60. doi: 10.1161/ATV.0000000000000147.

Virani SS, Koschinsky ML, Maher L, Mehta A, Orringer CE, Santos RD, et al. Global think tank on the clinical considerations and management of lipoprotein(a): The top questions and answers regarding what clinicians need to know. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2022;73:32-40. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2022.01.002.

O'Donoghue ML, Fazio S, Giugliano RP, Stroes ESG, Kanevsky E, Gouni-Berthold I, et al. Lipoprotein(a), PCSK9 Inhibition, and Cardiovascular Risk. Circulation. 2019;139:1483-92. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.037184.

Madsen CM, Kamstrup PR, Langsted A, Varbo A, Nordestgaard BG. Lipoprotein(a)-Lowering by 50 mg/dL (105 nmol/L) May Be Needed to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease 20% in Secondary Prevention: A Population-Based Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2020;40:255-66. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.119.312951.