COVID-19 Neurological Manifestations

Main Article Content

Cátia Carmona
Sandra Sousa
Miguel Miranda

Abstract

COVID-19 is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which until now has been responsible for more than one hundred million people infected worldwide, with a considerable mortality reported.
Clinically characterized as a flu-like syndrome, severe cases of the disease can progress to an acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Since early reports of SARS-CoV-2 infections in December 2019, several neurological manifestations of the disease have been described. Until today, the pathophysiology behind these neurological presentations of COVID-19 remains unclear, however case reports suggest both muscle, peripheral and central nervous systems involvement.
So far, published data is methodologically limited by small-sampled observational and retrospective studies. Several prospective reports are underway, aiming to estimate the real prevalence of neurological COVID-19 manifestations, to describe the mechanisms behind the virus neurotropism and to elucidate about possible therapeutic options.
To date, long-term neurological sequalae of this viral infection are still unknown.
This article aims to provide a descriptive review of the various COVID-19 neurological manifestations so far described.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Carmona C, Sousa S, Miranda M. COVID-19 Neurological Manifestations. LSJ [Internet]. 2021Mar.31 [cited 2021Aug.5];2(1):23-8. Available from: http://lusiadasscientificjournal.pt/index.php/lsj/article/view/53
Section
Review Articles
Author Biography

Cátia Carmona, Unidade Funcional de Neurologia, Hospital de Cascais, Cascais, Portugal.

Cátia Carmona [catia.carmona.castro@hospitaldecascais.pt]
Avenida Brigadeiro Victor Novais Gonçalves, 2755-009 Alcabideche, Portugal